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POPULATION AND DEMOGRAPHIC STRUCTURE

Istanbul had a population of 1,078,000 in 1945. Internal immigration towards Istanbul increased after the 1950's due to its being the fastest growing industrial center. As such, the city’s the population reached 1,533,000 in 1955. Its population continued to increase annually at an average rate of 0.040-0.050 percent in the following periods where it reached 7,309,000 in 1990 and 9,199,000 in 1997. According to the population census as of 2000, Istanbul had a population of over 10 million people.

As of 2007, according to official census data based on the “Address Based Population Registration System, which was conducted by Turkish State Institute of Statistics” internal migration to Istanbul still continues at a great speed. Moreover, the study shows that the population of Istanbul has increased as much as the city of Bursa in the last seven years and has reached 12,573,000 people.

The increase in population in last seven years has been 2.5 million. The most populated county among the thirty two is Büyükçekmece, with the population being 304,685. Only two counties, Eminönü and Şile, experienced a decrease in population.The most populous county in Istanbul is Gaziosmanpaşa, with 1,013,048 people. The following counties are Ümraniye, with 897,260 people; Küçükçekmece, with 785,392; Kadıköy, with 744,670. Eminönü, one of the most historical counties of Istanbul and whose population reaches over one million people during the day, has only 32.557 people residing in it. Currently, 8,156,696 people live on the European side, and 4,416,867 people live on the Asian side of Istanbul. The total female population of the city is 6,283,073, and the total male population is 6,291,763.

In the last fifty years, 11 million people have migrated to Istanbul and people from the 81 different provinces of Turkey currently live there. The city has a population of 12,573,836 residents according to the latest count as of 2007. Istanbul is a mosaic city where people have migrated from the various provinces of the country,  from Sivas to Trabzon and from Iğdır to Çanakkale. Of those people, only 2,167,572 people were registered to State Register of Istanbul. The reason that more people have registered their children to the State Register as Istanbulians is to solve problems of easily in terms of  registers of persons. Among the provinces of the country, the one which has the greatest flow of migration is the city of Sivas.  Approximately, 681,215 people living in the city are originally from Sivas. Following Sivas, is Kastamonu, with 516,556 people.  The number of people living in Istanbul from Sivas, Sinop, Bayburt, Ardahan, Erzincan, Giresun, and Kastamonua are greater than their original provinces from which they came.

According to the study comparing the number of people living in Istanbul with their home city, 638,464 people currently live in the city of Sivas, whereas the number of people from Sivas living in Istanbul is 681,214. The second province following Sivas is Kastamonu, with a total of  516,556 people living in Istanbul, Giresun with a total of 455,393, Ordu with a total of  453,197, and Tokat with a total of 396,840. Hakkari and Burdur are the two provinces with the least number of people living in Istanbul.

According to the county distribution  concerning the 32 counties of Istanbul, people from Sivas live mostly in Gaziosmanpaşa, which is the most crowded county of Istanbul. While the natives of Istanbul predominantly live in Kadıköy, those from Tokat predominantly live in Küçükçekmece, thos from Kastamonu live in both the Bayrampaşa and Fatih districts of the city. People from Sivas  make of the highest percentage of internal immigrants in Üsküdar, Bağcılar, Bahçelievler, Kâğıthane, Sarıyer, Şişli, and Beşiktaş.The people from Giresun is the first in Eyüp, Beykoz, Zeytinburnu and Beyoğlu. The people from Mardin has a large majority in Eminönü and Fatih, which is one of the most important financial districts of İstanbul. The people from Malatya live in Esenler, those from Trabzon live in Güngören, people from Erzincan live in Kartal, those from Rize live in Maltepe, people from Erzurum live in Sultanbeyli and Pendik, those from Samsun in Tuzla, people from Ordu in Ümraniye, people from Ardahan in Büyükçekmece, those from Gaziantep in Çatalca, people from Tokat in Silivri, and people from Kocaeli predominantly live in Şile.    

POPULATION OF THE COUNTIES

1 Gaziosmanpaşa 1,013,000
2 Ümraniye  897,000
3 Küçükçekmece 785,000
4 Kadiköy  745,000
5 Bağcilar  719,000
6 Büyükçekmece 683,000
7 Üsküdar  583,000
8 Bahçelievler  572,000
9 Kartal  541,000
10 Pendik  520,000
11 Esenler  517,000
12 Fatih  423,000
13 Kağıthane  418,000
14 Maltepe  415,000
15 Eyüp  326,000
16 Avcılar  324,000
17 Güngören  319,000
18 Şişli  315,000
19 Zeytinburnu 283,000
20 Sarıyer  276,000
21 Sultanbeyli  273,000
22 Bayrampaşa 272,000
23 Beyoğlu  247,000
24 Beykoz  242,000
25 Bakırköy  215,000
26 Beşiktaş  192,000
27 Tuzla  165,000
28 Silivri  125,000
29 Çatalca  89,000
30 Eminönü  33,000
31 Şile   25,000
32 Adalar  10,000 

 Translated by Mr. Irfan KOKSAL


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