Skip Navigation LinksIstanbul - 2010 English Exploring The City

The history of Istanbul goes back to 300 thousand years ago. The first traces of human culture were discovered in the excavations carried out in Yarımburgaz Cave on the banks of Küçükçekmece Lake. It is thought that Neolithic and Chalcolitic people had been living around there.


Istanbul also known as Dersaadet was divided until the mid l9th century into four sectors for administrative and judicial purposes. The first sector encompassing the city center was named Suriçi (meaning 'within city the walls') and was under the authority of the Istanbul Judicary Council. The three towns (ßilad-ı Selase) Galata, Üsküdar and Eyüp are the three boroughs or towns making up the city of Istanbul


Istanbul bears the characteristic of being capital city of three Great Empires and she is also one of the few cities which has been the center of the country's economic life. Although the city has not already become a political capital for the new Republic, which was established in 1923, it has always become an economic center of the country and never lost its status as a capital that predestined for the country.


Even if we deal with only the  artistic contents of the structure motifs including mosques, churches, synagogues, museums, fountains, complexes and old buildings, we realize that the city remained at the top of the list in the field of artistic architecture with islamic calligraphy, marbling art, carving, colouring and handiwork.

On the other hand, activities such as theaters, cinemas, live concerts...

Istanbul had a population of 1.078.000  in 1945. Internal immigration towards Istanbul increased after 1950's especially depending on fastest growing of industrialization in Istanbul, the population of the city reached to 1.533.000 in 1955.The population continued to increase annually at an average rate of 0.040-0.050 percent in the following periods and it has reached to7.309.000 in 1990 and 9.199.000 in 1997.



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Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality 2008